A Chemical Peel is a cosmetic treatment that involves careful exfoliation of the skin using an acid. The acid removes a uniform amount of damaged skin cells across the treatment area. When done appropriately, this allows the skin to heal, with minimal scarring or color changes as a result of the treatment.
Chemical Peels affect two layers of the skin: the Epidermis and the Dermis. The Epidermis is the visible outer layer, and the Dermis sits just beneath. This deeper layer contains nerve endings, sweat glands, and hair follicles. A chemical Peel removes a controlled amount of skin cells from the epidermis. A stronger peel may also remove a small part of the dermis.
What a Chemical Peel treats?
· Enlarged pores
Consultation with a Specialist is a must!
Chemical peels reduce skin damage, giving the skin a more youthful or unblemished appearance. Depending on a person’s concerns and their type of skin, a dermatologist will recommend the most appropriate chemical peel.
During a chemical peel, we apply the exfoliant acid first to the thicker areas of skin, such as the chin, nose, and cheeks, before applying it to the thinner areas around the eyes and mouth. After the chemical peel, the dermatologist may recommend use of cool saline compresses to remove any remaining exfoliant.
A Chemical Peel can involve different types of acid, including:
· Alpha-hydroxy acids: Among these are glycolic acid, lactic acid & citric acid.
· Beta-hydroxy acids: Salicylic acid is one example, and it is especially beneficial for acne-prone skin and enlarged pores.
· Trichloroacetic acid: Dermatologists typically use this in medium or deep chemical peels.
· Phenol: This powerful chemical agent is useful in deep skin peels.
Chemical Peel Variations
We often recommend superficial peels if skin issues only affect the top layer of the skin. Because superficial peels do not penetrate the deeper layers, they involve a lower risk of side effects and a quicker recovery. Superficial peels take 1–7 days to heal. As superficial peels are much gentler on the skin than other peels, it may take 3–5 professional treatments for people to see the results they want. People can have superficial peels every 2–5 weeks.
It is important to wear sunscreen after the treatment to protect the new skin as it heals.
These are recommended for:
· Fine wrinkles
· Sun damaged skin
· Minor hyperpigmentation
· Minor acne scars
· Medium-depth chemical peels reach an area called the papillary dermis. This is the upper second layer, closest to the surface of the skin.
The medium-depth peels take 7–14 days to heal. You can wear makeup after 5–7 days. It is important to wear sunscreen after the treatment to protect the new skin as it heals.
These are recommended if a person has:
· Moderate to severe sun damage
· Moderate to severe wrinkles
· Moderate to severe hyperpigmentation
The Deep Peel takes 14–21 days to heal. It is recommended that one avoids sun exposure for 3–6 months.
It’s recommended that one washes the skin between four and six times a day with a special solution, then applying an ointment for 14 days. The person will then have to use thick moisturizer.
A person who has a deep chemical peel should not wear makeup for at least 14 days after the procedure.
Chemical Peel side effects
The side effects of a chemical peel are usually mild. However, some people may develop long-lasting effects, such as:
· Redness that lasts for months
· Temporary dark patches of skin
· Lightened patches of skin
· Scarring, which is very rare
But these are avoidable if you follow the specialist’s aftercare instructions carefully.