Psoriasis is a chronic disease that is characterized by inflammation in the body causing red, itchy scaly patches, most commonly on the lower back, elbows, knees, legs, soles of the feet, scalp, face and palms. This occurs because the overactive immune system speeds up skin cell growth thus causing scaling on the skin’s surface.
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease. An immune-mediated is one with an unclear cause, characterized by inflammation resulting from dysfunction of the immune system.
What happens to a Psoriasis sufferer’s skin?
Normal skin cells completely grow and shed (fall off) in a month. With psoriasis, skin cells do this in only three or four days. Instead of shedding, the skin cells pile up on the surface of the skin. Some people report that psoriasis plaques itch, burn and sting. Plaques and scales may appear on any part of the body, although they are commonly found on the elbows, knees, and scalp.
Signs & Symptoms
- Red patches of skin covered with thick, silvery scales
- Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed or itch
- Itching, burning or soreness
- Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
In extreme cases, Psoriasis can also affect the bones, muscles, and metabolic system
We have treatments are available to help you manage symptoms. One can incorporate them into his/her lifestyle habits to cope better with Psoriasis.